Alcohol dehydrogenase


ADH – (Alcohol-dehydrogenase)

16 % v/v glycerol
Bring 200 grams (= 160 ml) of glycerol (q.c.w. Sigma G-7757) and 800 ml distilled water in a beaker.  Mix well and bring to a final volume of 1000 ml with distilled water. Store in the refrigerator.

Sepalyte pH 3-10 (Cat.No. 42008) – Sepalyte pH 3-6 (Cat. No.42006)
Ready to hand Sepalyte solutions. Store in refrigerator

Acrylamide/ bis acrylamide 29 : 1 solution
Ready to hand acrylamide solution  (q.c.w. Sigma A-3574). Store in refrigerator.

0.1N Sodium hydroxide
4.0 g sodium hydroxide (q.c.w. Sigma S-8045) in 1000 ml distilled water. Add a trace (tip of a small spatula) of sodium azide (q.c.w. Sigma S-8032).  Store at room temperature

0,1% w/v riboflavin
0.05 g riboflavin (q.c.w. Sigma R-0508) in 50 ml 0.1 N sodium hydroxide.
Store in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

10% w/v ammonium persulfate
0.5 g ammonium persulfate (q.c.w. Sigma A- 3678) in 5.0 ml distilled water.
Store in refrigerator for one week

ADH extraction solution
0.05 g dithiothreitol (DTT) (q.c.w. Sigma D-9163) in 20 ml dH20. Mix well before use! Add a trace (tip of a small spatula) of Orange G (q.c.w. Sigma O – 1625).  Do not store

0.1 M Tris-HCl pH 7.5
24.2 g Tris (q.c.w. Sigma T-8524) in 1600 ml distilled water. Stir until fully dissolved. Adjust the pH to 7.5 with HCl (q.c.w. BDH 28507).  Bring to a final volume of 2000 ml with distilled water. Add a trace (tip of a small spatula) of sodium azide (q.c.w. Sigma S- 8032).  Store at room temperature.

Ethanol 96-99%
Ready to hand solution. Store at room temperature.

2 % v/v Acetic acid solution
Bring 20 ml of acetic acid 100%(q.c.w. BDH 27013) in 2000 ml distilled water. Store at room temperature.

Ready to use TEMED Sigma ( T-9281).

Gel preparation
9.5 ml        16 % glycerol
2.0 ml        Acrylamide/bis 29:1solution
0.3 ml        Sepalyte pH 3-6
0.7 ml        Sepalyte pH 3-10
0.065 ml    0.1 % w/v riboflavin
0.012 ml    TEMED
0.035 ml    10% ammonium persulfate

Add the above reagents and swirl to mix. Pour the gel according to the flap technique and allow polymerizing for at least 4 hours under light. Store the gels in a sealed bag in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

Sample preparation

Single seeds are placed into a 96 well micro plate. To each well, between 80-120 µl of ADH extraction solution is added depending on the size of the seed. For smaller, less healthy-looking seeds, the seeds are imbibed overnight at room temperature. The seeds are homogenized and centrifuged for 10 minutes at 3000 pm. at 10° C (or at room temperature).


Turn the cooling supply on and set at a temperature of ± 15°C.  Remove the gel from the glass plates. Clean the back of the gel with methanol/ethanol. Place the gel onto the cooling plate with several ml of water. The gel can be divided into four parts.  Space the electrodes evenly across the gel, alternating cathode (black electrode) and anode (red electrode) and then place directly onto the gel.

 Power settings are for one gel (double the mA and Watts when running two gels).

Run 1: 600 V–60 mA–12 W–75 V/h

Sample application

After the prefocusing step, the 96 templates are positioned ± 12 mm from the anode (red electrode). See cartoon image section “gel interpretation “Each sample well is filled with 8 µl of supernatant.

Run 2: 200 V–60 mA–12 W–50 V/h
Run 3: 1000 V–60 mA–12 W–700 V/h

After the gel has finished running, remove the gel from the cooling plate and place into an appropriate staining tray.

ADH staining
200 ml       0.1 M Tris- HCl pH 7.5
  5 ml         Ethanol 96-99 %
0.05 g NAD (q.c.w. Sigma N-7004)
0.05 g MTT (q.c.w. Sigma M-2128)
0.01 g PMS (q.c.w. Sigma P-9625) (tip of the small spatula)

Heat up the Tris-HCl buffer solution to ± 37° C.  Add the reagents together and mix until fully dissolved and stain the gel at ± 37°C or room temperature until the bands can be clearly visualized. Remove the stain and destain the gel in a 2 % glacial acetic acid solution for about 10 minutes and rinse with distilled water for an additional 10 minutes. The gel can be air-dried.

Gel interpretation 

No international enzyme classification is used.
The neatest band of interest from the anode is genotyped “11”
The farthest band of interest from the anode is genotyped “22”.
The hybrid is genotyped “1/2” in case that the female is 11 and the male 22.
The hybrid is genotyped “2/1” in case that the female is 22 and the male 11

ProTec Bioseparation (Protein Electrophoresis)